Научный журнал
Международный журнал экспериментального образования
ISSN 2618–7159
ИФ РИНЦ = 0,839

INTEGRATED RESEARCH pollution by harmful substances SOIL AND WATER ACTIVITIES OF THE REGION OGM «Zhayikoil»

Aidosov A.A. 2 Aidosov G.A. 2 Azhieva G.I. 3 Zaurbekov N.S. 2 Zaurbekova N.D. 4 Uazhanova R.U. 2 Admayeva A.M. 2
2 Almaty Technological University
3 Kazakh National Technical University. K.I. Satpaeva
4 al-Farabi Kazakh National University
1. Aidossov A.A., Azhieva G.I. The study of environmental pollution Zhylyoi oil-producing region // Vestnik KazATK Kazakh Academy of Transport and Communications. – Almaty, 2007.
2. Shakirova T.A. Carcinogenic substances in wastewater Guryev oil refinery, and ways to reduce the use of irrigation in the fields of: Abstract of Candidate. – Almaty, 1991. – 24 p.
3. Kuanov M.S. The positive decision on 26/08/97 for a patent on the application of the RK number 960417 from 11.04.96 Method of measuring the concentrations of oil in the water.
4. Serikov F.T. Nature protection methods of transportation and processing of oil and gas offshore – Atyrau, 1999. – Р. 45–105.
5. Statistical reporting IPM for the year 2000.

The main elements of the relief, at different distances from pollution sources, on the border of SPZ to assess the pollution and on the border of the residential area were selected soil samples. The results of analyzes on the contents of trace elements in soil, are shown in Tables 1 and 2. Analysis of the influence zone OGM «Zhayikoil» on the soil of residential settlements are shown in Tables 3 and 4 [1–5].

Observation of the state of water in the region is carried out in 2 directions: since1991–observation of surface water, and since 1994 in addition – observation of groundwater [1–5].

Sampling point located approximately 10 km from the coastline. Because of the low slope of the Caspian Sea in the sampling points of the depth does not exceed 1 m. This defines the pollution effects on flora and fauna in the coastal area. If during the summer due to the wind and the movement of water pollution in the coastal areas oilfield naturally neutralized, in the autumn-winter period to living organisms creates unfavorable conditions.

Table 1

The chemical analysis of the soil. Macrocomponents

Number of laboratory

Number of sample order

The location of the sampling

Macrocomponents, mg/kg of soil

рН

CO3

HCO3

SO4

Cl

165

1

SPZ OGM (north)

6,5

not found

936,0

154,0

10,9

166

2

SPZ OGM (south)

6,4

not found

696,0

256,0

10,2

167

3

SPZ OGM (west)

6,2

not found

366,0

20,0

11,8

168

4

SPZ OGM (east)

6,3

not found

329,0

14,0

12,0

169

5

Nuclear test site (north)

6,8

not found

489,0

1951,0

14,9

170

6

Nuclear test site (south)

6,5

not found

712,0

2934,0

15,8

171

7

Nuclear test site (west)

6,4

not found

670,0

15,0

10,0

172

8

Nuclear test site (east)

6,9

not found

1653,0

9,8

14,8

173

9

Balgimbaev village

6,6

not found

305,0

10,0

15,2

Table 2

The chemical analysis of the soil. Heavy metals and petroleum products

Number of laboratory

Number of sample order

The location of the sampling

Various components, mg/kg of soil

Cr

Ni

Zn

Cu

Pb

Cd

Fe overall

Мn

oil products

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

165

1

SPZ OGM (north)

0,7

3,6

less than 0,1

2,4

0,010

found

9,3

30,0

16,8

166

2

SPZ OGM (south)

0,4

3,4

less than 0,1

2,6

0,010

not found

1,0

10,0

not found

167

3

SPZ OGM (west)

0,3

3,4

less than 0,1

0,9

footprints

not found

2,0

14,9

18,5

168

4

SPZ OGM (east)

0,3

2,7

less than 0,1

1,2

0,004

0,003

8,0

18,0

19,3

169

5

Nuclear test site (north)

3

3,4

less than 0,1

2,0

footprints

0,001

0,3

10,9

39,2

170

6

Nuclear test site (south)

3,2

3,7

less than 0,1

2,9

0,003

not found

0,6

10,0

not found

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

171

7

Nuclear test site (west)

2

2,8

less than 0,1

2,0

0,004

0,005

3,5

38,0

12,4

172

8

Nuclear test site (east)

1,2

3,8

less than 0,1

1,3

0,001

found

1,2

58,1

not found

173

9

Balgimbaev village

less than 0,1

2,4

less than 0,1

1,9

0,004

0,003

8,9

12,0

not found

MPC, mg/kg

6

4

23

3

32

1

1000

Table 3

Results of chemical analysis of soils inhabited villages. Macrocomponents

Number of laboratory

Number of sample order

The location of the sampling

Macrocomponents., mg/kg of soil

HCO3

CO3

Cl

SO4

рН

158

Т-1

village

305,0

not found

14,8

20,0

5,7

159

Т-2

village

366,0

not found

12,3

20,0

7,2

160

Т-3

outside the village

427,0

not found

10,6

30,0

6,5

Table 4

Results of chemical analysis of soils inhabited villages. Various components

Number of laboratory

Number of sample order

Various components, mg/kg of soil

Cr

Ni

Zn

Cu

Pb

Cd

Fe общ.

Mn

н/п

158

Т-1

not found

1,2

not found

3,0

0,01

not found

6,5

91,1

175,1

159

Т-2

not found

0,9

not found

1,6

н/о

not found

6,8

19,1

not found

160

Т-3

not found

0,3

not found

2,1

0,03

not found

2,1

90,0

not found

Table 5

The chemical analysis of the water. Macrocomponents

Point

The location of the sampling

pH

Concentration of chemical substances, mg/lit

Aidosov01.wmf

Aidosov02.wmf

Aidosov03.wmf

Aidosov04.wmf

Aidosov05.wmf

I quarter of 2003

1

Drinking water wells

7,2

591,7

not found

0,05

3,5

290,6

2

The river at the entrance of the SPZ

7,0

335,5

not found

0,15

0,5

286,0

3

River at the outlet of the SPZ

7,3

384,3

not found

0,15

0,7

240,0

4

Water intake № 1

7,1

128,1

not found

0,07

0,6

20,0

5

Water intake № 2

7,4

134,2

not found

0,01

0,5

26,2

II quarter of 2003

1

Drinking water wells

6,9

353,8

not found

0,01

8,6

390,0

2

The river at the entrance of the SPZ

6,8

164,2

not found

0,01

0,2

184,0

3

River at the outlet of the SPZ

6,9

195,2

not found

0,01

0,2

204,0

4

Water intake № 1

6,7

51,5

not found

н/о

0,0

17,0

5

Water intake № 2

6,4

79,9

not found

0,02

0,2

22,0

III quarter of 2003

1

Drinking water wells

6,8

360,0

not found

0,01

2,2

398,0

2

The river at the entrance of the SPZ

6,9

227,0

not found

0,03

0,2

230,0

3

River at the outlet of the SPZ

6,9

265,4

not found

0,01

0,2

270,0

4

Water intake № 1

6,6

88,1

not found

0,01

0,3

н/о

5

Water intake № 2

6,5

82,3

not found

0,005

0,3

21,5

IV quarter of 2003

1

Drinking water wells

7,5

384,3

not found

0,008

2,1

430,0

2

The river at the entrance of the SPZ

8,3

237,9

not found

0,023

0,2

230,0

3

River at the outlet of the SPZ

8,0

274,6

not found

0,009

0,2

270,0

4

Water intake № 1

7,3

97,6

not found

0,010

0,4

н/о

5

Water intake № 2

7,0

97,6

not found

0,004

0,3

20,0

MPC (fishery water), mg/lit

0,08

40,0

100,0

MPC (drinking water), mg/lit

3,3

45,0

500

pic_4.wmf

Fig. 1. The concentration of chemicals in drinking water wells

pic_5.wmf

Fig. 2. The concentration of chemicals in the river at the entrance of the SPZ

pic_6.wmf

Fig. 3. The concentration of chemicals in the river at the output of the SPZ

pic_7.wmf

Fig. 4. The concentration of chemicals in water wells

pic_7.wmf

Fig. 5. The concentration of chemicals from the water intake № 2

Within 120 days on the surface of the water keeps the ice. At this time, the accumulation of dirt on the surface of the ice and under it due to seepage of oil from flooded wells. Therefore, in the spring creates an increased concentration of hydrocarbons in water, due to reach the surface of water accumulated over the winter, and with the influx of meltwater from the coastal area adjacent to the mine.

Table 6

Results of chemical analyzes of water. Heavy metals and petroleum products

Point Number

The location of the sampling

Concentration of chemical substances, mg/lit

Cr

Ni

Zn

Cu

Pb

Cd

Petroleum products

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

I quarter of 2003

1

Drinking water wells

0,02

0,005

0,05

< 0,003

0,003

0,001

not found

2

The river at the entrance of the SPZ

0,02

0,002

0,07

0,02

not found

not found

not found

3

River at the outlet of the SPZ

0,06

< 0,001

0,05

0,02

not found

not found

not found

4

Water intake № 1

0,02

0,013

0,06

< 0,003

н/о

н/о

not found

5

Water intake № 2

0,03

0,002

0,07

0,02

0,005

0,002

not found

II quarter of 2003

1

Drinking water wells

0,02

not found

0,02

not found

0,003

0,001

not found

2

Temir river (at the entrance of the SPZ)

0,02

not found

0,02

0,005

not found

not found

not found

3

Temir river (at the outlet of the SPZ)

0,02

not found

0,02

0,005

not found

not found

not found

4

Water intake № 1

0,02

not found

0,02

0,003

not found

not found

not found

5

Water intake № 2

0,03

not found

0,03

0,003

0,005

0,002

not found

III quarter of 2003

1

Drinking water wells

0,02

not found

0,02

3,0

0,002

0,001

< 0,005

2

Temir river (at the entrance of the SPZ)

0,02

not found

0,03

0,08

not found

not found

< 0,005

3

Temir river (at the outlet of the SPZ)

0,03

not found

0,04

0,17

not found

not found

< 0,005

4

Water intake № 1

0,02

not found

0,02

not found

not found

not found

< 0,005

5

Water intake № 2

0,02

not found

0,02

0,02

0,003

0,001

< 0,005

IV quarter of 2003

1

Drinking water wells (Sorkol village)

not found

not found

0,02

3,45

0,002

0,001

< 0,006

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

2

Temir river (at the entrance of the SPZ)

0,02

not found

0,02

0,09

not found

not found

< 0,006

3

Temir river (at the outlet of the SPZ)

not found

not found

0,03

019

not found

not found

< 0,006

4

Water intake № 1

0,01

not found

0,01

0,05

not found

not found

< 0,006

5

Water intake № 2

0,01

not found

0,03

not found

0,004

0,001

< 0,006

MPC (fishery water), mg/lit

0,001

0,01

0,01

0,001

0,001

0,05

MPC (drinking water), mg/lit

0,05

0,1

1,0

1,0

0,03

0,3

The results of data analysis studies of soil, surface water and groundwater have shown that the presence of heavy metals, macro components, petroleum products requires a special attention, supervision and control over these environments.


The work is submitted to the International Scientific Conference «The man and the noosphere. Scientific heritage of V.I. Vernadsky. Global problems of modern civilization», UAE (Dubai), October 16–23, 2015, came to the editorial office оn 03.09.2015.


Библиографическая ссылка

Aidosov A.A., Aidosov G.A., Azhieva G.I., Zaurbekov N.S., Zaurbekova N.D., Uazhanova R.U., Admayeva A.M., Aidosov A.A., Aidosov G.A., Zaurbekov N.S., Uazhanova R.U., Admayeva A.M., Azhieva G.I., Zaurbekova N.D. INTEGRATED RESEARCH pollution by harmful substances SOIL AND WATER ACTIVITIES OF THE REGION OGM «Zhayikoil» // Международный журнал экспериментального образования. – 2015. – № 12-6. – С. 741-745;
URL: https://expeducation.ru/ru/article/view?id=9329 (дата обращения: 21.09.2021).

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