It is necessary to upgrade the existing forms, methods and didactic principles of organizing training process in an institution and develop new ones in order to establish an efficient preparation of students of pedagogic institutions for developing intellectual abilities of school students via means of ICT. If a system of continuous computer-directed preparation of students for their work on developing intellectual abilities of school students that will include a concept, a model, didactic conditions, technologies of gradual preparation of students for this activity is introduced, it will increase the quality of future teachers’ professional preparation, as it will provide for formation of intellectual skills among them, and they are a didactic basis of the developing intellectual abilities among school children via means of ICT.
Education reform that has been introduced to Rupublic Kazakhsatn during the previous decade, has revealed a number of problems in its organization, defined a necessity to train an intellectually-developed person who is able to think actively, independently solve problems that arise before him, and urges for a constant deepening and broadening of his knowledge. At the same time, outdated methodology and principles of selecting education contents are negative factors of the existing secondary school system. Informational overload leads to a decrease in motivation for training and degradation of students’ health. Training is directed towards receiving formal results, but not towards development of a person . Desintegration of the single system of school education, emergence of various alternative training programmes and institution types has not solved all problems of this area.
According to the law «On education» and State programme of education development in Republic Kazakhstan during the period 2011–2020, one of the prior directions is transiting towards a new national model of training and upbringing scholars, and it requires new approaches towards educational activity of pedagogues [2, 3]. Studying the problem of achieving positive results in activity of teachers and school students has shown that one of the success elements in activity of subjects of pedagogic process is implementing new pedagogic technologies, informational technologies, interactive training.
Results of questionings and interviews, carried out with graduates of pedagogic institutions and school teachers have shown that most of them (92 %) don’t know the essence and structure of intellectual abilities, have few ideas on how one can develop them, suffer significant complications of methodical nature. The reason of the described situation is an insufficient training of teachers for this type of activity within an institution. Due to the described conditions, the problem of preparing future teachers for work on developing intellectual abilities of scholars has obtained a special urgency. There are studies on psychology and pedagogy that devote to problems of developing personality of students and developing training. Thus, M.A. Kostyuk outlines: «In fact, there is only one way of influencing psychic development of students: it lies in its activity, directed by a pedagogue. Actions that are not included into this activity, leave no traces, are not apprehended by him, and have no impact on his development» . E.G. Budrina suggests concentrating our attention to special features of dynamics of student’s intellectual development in terms of different educational models: corrective, traditional, and enriching . Theoretic foundations of solving the problem of developing intellectual skills are widely presented in a whole number of psychic-pedagogic researches. Thus, G.N. Shornikova proves that a method and style of intellectual work are necessary means of forming generalized intellectual skills that allow one to use knowledge in different situations . E.L. Kabanova-Meller, N.A. Menchinskaya, N.F. Talyzina, and other researchers have established a direct dependence between the method of mastering knowledge and successfulness of their practical implementation, they have also shown that an efficiency of mastering knowledge by students depends on their level of unifying analysis, synthesis, abstraction, and generalization skill. Training a secondary school teacher occupies a special place in in the whole totality of factors that define improvements in the system of continuous education in the country. A number of directions have emerged within the totality of researches on problems of training future school teachers. One of them is characterized by development of professiogram and qualification characteristics in which contents and the system of teacher’s theoretical knowledge is defined as well as his pedagogic abilities and skills that are necessary for carrying out his training-educational functions. This direction is represented by I.L. Ivanova, R.L. Mittelman, V.A. Slastenin, A.L. Sherbakov, and others. Problems of general training of secondary school teachers are studied in works by L.L. Egorova, Y.L. Kulyutin, Y.L. Sukhobskaya, and others. The problem of forming personality during the process of professional training is investigated by S.L. Baranov, V.A. Slastenin, S.D. Smirnov, and others. A number of studies is devoted to didactic preparation of a teacher (O.A. Abdullina, S.L. Arkhangelskiy, V.L. Zagvyazinskiy, and others). These works reveal ways, means, and forms of education that provide for the formation of a future pedagogue’s professionalism.
In order to study the problem of professional training of future teachers for their work on developing intellectual abilities of scholars results, received by M.A. Romanova should be investigated . The scientist reveals contents of training students of pedagogic departments for their work on developing intellectual skills among primary school students within the process of mastering subjects of psychologic-pedagogic circle, specific methods, variable special disciplines and pedagogic practices.
Modern period of social development is defined by a strong influence of computer technologies that penetrate all areas of human activity and provide for the distribution of informational flows within the society, thus forming global informational space. First of all, it affects education, so many dissertational researches of recent years are devoted to problems of preparing teachers for using informational-communicative technologies (ICT) in professional activity. Doctor dissertation by a well-known mathematician-methodist T. Balykbayev  studies theoretical- methodological basics of informational model of forming a group of students. Candidate dissertation of B.K. Tulbasova  is devoted to scientific foundation of didactic conditions in preparing teachers for activity with implementation of ICT within the system of refresher training. The work of G.G. Begarisheva  defines and explains the process of training and refreshing skills of teachers for using informational-communicative technologies in their professional activity within the system of methodical school work unification. Dissertation study by R.O. Djerenova  refers to scientific-theoretical grounding of didactic terms of forming computer-training skills of a future teacher. The work by N.A. Adilova investigates the problem of using innovative technologies of training in developing intellectual culture of students .
Thus, a great number of researches is devoted to problems of intellectual development of students, problems of professional training of future teachers for developing intellectual abilities of school students, problems of preparing teachers to use ICT within the process of secondary school education. However, analysis of the existing institutional plans and programme and our own studies show that training future teachers for work on developing intellectual abilities among school students via means of ICT remains unsatisfactory. A detailed study of this problem has allowed us to see that special researches, devoted to special features of work with students in terms of their preparation for solving problems of school children intellectual development via means of ICT, are almost non-existent.
Thus, we witness a conflict between needs of modern school where a teacher must consider special features of developing intellectual abilities of students and the necessity to prepare students for intellectual development of school students via means of ICT and insufficient presence of these problems in activity of an institution, programmes, textbooks and guides on psychological-pedagogic disciplines, and methods of teaching special disciplines in a pedagogic institution, lack of recommendations and the very methodic of preparing students for developing intellectual abilities, and, therefore, students’ disability to solve these problems. The outlined conflict that has been established between social demands and the level of teachers’ readiness for meeting them has determined the selection of the research topic: «PREPARATION TEACHERS TO DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS INTELLIGENT ABILITY BASED ON ICT», it has also defined its urgency.
Realization of this research implies development of a new conceptual approach towards solving the problem of professional training at the stage of institution education will create new directions of professional training of pedagogic institution students that will play a significant part in improving quality of preparing future teachers in terms of informatization of education.
Research idea: it is necessary to update the existing forms of organizing training process within an institution, methods and didactic principles, and create new ones in order set up an efficient system of preparing pedagogic institution students for their professional activity on developing intellectual abilities of school students via means of ICT.
Research goal: theoretic-methodological foundation and development of a didactic scheme and technology of organizing educational process in a pedagogic institution so that future teachers are prepared for developing components of intellectual activity among students. These components are: high level of forming elementary thinking operations (analysis, synthesis, comparison, analogy, abstraction, classification, etc.), activeness and unordinary way of thinking, self-organization and purposefulness of thinking.
- Establish a condition of the problem of training future secondary school teachers for work on developing intellectual abilities of students via means of ICT.
- Develop a concept of professional preparation of future teachers for work on developing intellectual abilities of school student with implementation of ICT.
- Develop a theoretic model of future teachers’ readiness for work on developing intellectual abilities of school students with implementation of ICT that will include motivational-need, supporting, operational-procedural, and evaluative component.
- Reveal pedagogic conditions that provide for the efficiency of professional training of future teachers for their work on developing intellectual abilities of students via means of ICT.
- Define and develop a didactic system of professional training of future teachers for work on developing intellectual abilities of school students with implementation of ICT.
- Develop a technology of organizing educational process that is directed towards professional training of future teachers for developing intellectual abilities of school students via means of ICT.
Scientific novelty of the research is defined by the following aspects:
- Theoretical-methodologic basics of professional training of future teachers for their work on developing intellectual abilities of school students with implementation of ICT will be defined;
- A concept that will provide for realizing professional training of future teachers for their work on developing intellectual abilities of school students with implementation of ICT will be developed;
- A model of professional readiness of future teachers for work on developing intellectual abilities of school students with implementation of ICT will be developed;
- Pedagogic conditions that provide for the efficiency of professional training of future teachers for work on developing intellectual abilities of school students with implementation of ICT in a single pedagogic process of an institution will be revealed;
- Didactic system and contents of methodical work on professional training of future teachers for their work on developing intellectual abilities of school students with implementation of ICT will be developed;
- A new technology of gradual professional training of future teachers for using ICT will be introduced, and its efficiency will be confirmed by test-experimental method.
Applicatory significance of the research is defined by the fact that theoretical conclusions and scientific-methodological recommendations, provided by the article, can find their implementation in activity of pedagogic educational institutions on improving professional preparation of future secondary school teachers for developing intellectual abilities of school students using ICT. Realization of the results of this study will allow us to increase the quality of professional training of future teachers as it will provide for the formation of intellectual skills that are didactic basis of the development of intellectual abilities among school students via means of ICT. A new conceptual approach towards solving the problem of professional training of future teachers for their work on developing intellectual abilities of school students with implementation of ICT at the institutional stage of education that includes a concept and a model, pedagogic conditions, didactic system, technology of organizing educational process will be developed.
The work is submitted to the International Scientific Conference «Introduction of new educational technologies and principles of the organization of educational process», Indonesia, December, 08-15, 2013, came to the editorial office оn 28.11.2013.
Библиографическая ссылкаIllyasova R.A., Khalikova K.Z. PREPARATION TEACHERS TO DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS INTELLIGENT ABILITY BASED ON ICT // Международный журнал экспериментального образования. – 2014. – № 2. – С. 15-18;
URL: https://expeducation.ru/ru/article/view?id=4606 (дата обращения: 28.09.2021).